Fast Facts

Consensus in guidelines for healthy lifestyle and diets

  • Ensure a balanced energy intake
  • Maintain a variety of food items in the diet and eat varied meals
  • Keep physically active and play sports
  • Remember vegetable oils and fats provide essential fatty acids, moderate their intake, rather than excluding them

Most common fatty acids in vegetable oils

Official notation n- (omega) notation Fatty acid name

C8:0

 

Caprylic

C10:0

 

Capric

C12:0   Lauric
C14:0  

Myristic

C16:0  

Palmitic

C18:0  

Stearic

cis-9-C18:1

18:1 n-9

Oleic

cis,cis-9,12-C18:2

18:2 n-6

Linoleic

All cis-9,12,15-C18:3

18:3 n-3

Alpha-linolenic

All cis 5,8,11,14-C20:4

20:4 n-6

Arachidonic

All cis 5,8,11,14,17-C20:5

20:5 n-3

Eicosopentanoic

All cis-4,7,10,13,16,19-C22:6

22:6 n-3

Docosahexaenoic

 

Main types of fatty acis

Common term Abbreviation Number of double bonds Configuration
Saturated fatty acid SAFA 0 -
Mono unsaturated fatty acid MUFA 1 cis
Trans fattay acid TRANS 1-3 trans
Poly unsaturated fatty acid PUFA 2 or more cis

 

Trends in fat intake

=> lower trans fat levels to < 1 per cent

  • Almost accomplished in Western Europe
  • Still an issue in Eastern Europe
  • Virtually trans-free alternatives available for all applications

=> decrease SAFA intake levels to < 10 per cent of energy

  • Large differences in SAFA intake levels in EU countries (Harika 2013)
  • SAFA intake the Netherlands approx. 13 per cent of energy
  • SAFA intake France approx. 16 per cent of energy
  • Western Europe: 55 per cenr of SAFA of animal origin (dairy, meat)

     


     

CALENDAR EVENTS